联律PK诗律


2019-09-02 21:16:41  罗志海  所属诗集  阅读200 】

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The Rule Of Couplet PK The Rule Of Poetry By Luo Zhihai 联律PK诗律 罗志海 文 Generally, the rule of poetry that the poets saying a considerable part is the summary of later generations. As for which are formulated by Tang people and which are summarized by later generations, this paper will not analyze them one by one. Two pairs of couplets are a new style of poetry. Its rule follows the rule of couplet. It’s same and different to the rule of poetry. The following comparisons are made one by one. The rule of two pairs of couplets is hereinafter referred to as rule of couplet 1. One, three and five are regardless, but two, four and six are clarity The rule of poetry stipulates one, three and five are regardless, but two, four and six are clarity. In fact, whether it is Tang people or later generations, this rule is discounted, It’s conditional regardless and conditional clarity. For example, some Tang poets’ verses were written wrong. He saved it in the same verse. This way of saved it in the same verses showed that the poet was poor in words, or that he felt that only by writing like this could he express his feelings better. This kind of wrong writing may not be regarded as a mistake in the Tang Dynasty when the rule of the poetry was first created. Later generations concluded that this is not only not a mistake, but also a classic. This is the later generations are pursuing the mistake. The rule of couplet stipulates that no matter one, three, five, seven, nine, eleven, thirteen, fifteen, seventeen and nineteen are regardless. But two, four, six, eight, ten, twelve, fourteen, sixteen, eighteen and twenty are clarity. This no matter, true no matter. This clarity, true clarity. In a couplet, double words in a clear position, the upper couplet should be level tone, but written in oblique tone. The lower couplet corresponding to the original, it is necessary to rewrite level tone. There is no self-help in this sentence. Only rule that the first sentence written wrong and the second sentence saved right. 2. Three level tails The rule of poetry stipulates that no three level tails and not to mention three level tails of a double sentence and three oblique tails of a single sentence should appear at the same time. Throughout the Tang Dynasty and after the Tang Dynasty, there were occasional poems with three level tails. The rule of couplet stipulates that three level tails can be paired with three oblique tails or four level tails can be paired with four oblique tails. But try not to write like that. This is because there are not only five words and seven words, but also nine words and eleven words in two pairs of couplets. It also contains double words. Writing of double words, it is inevitable that there will be three level tails and four level tails. Of course, there will be three oblique tails and four oblique tails in its corresponding sentence. At present, Luo Zhihai has written more than 6,000 two pairs of couplets (also named couplet poems). Among the single words poems such as five, seven and nine words, there are less than five couplet poems with three level tails, accounting for less than 0.1 percent. If Luo Zhihai's poems are to be graded from the angle of whether there are three level tails, Luo Zhihai's score is 99.9. The reason for this is that only in this way could he express his feelings better. There were three or five other poems. At first, he wanted to have three level tails to three oblique tails. Later, after careful deliberation, he changed his chords and wrote like that. This shows that Luo Zhihai has not reached the condition of poverty words. 3. Punctuation marks For historical reasons, there are no punctuation marks in ancient poems. Detailed analysis shows that Tang's rhythmic poetry should be marked with commas at the end of a single sentence. Put a full stop at the end of a double sentence. This is common sense. Nowadays, poets often add punctuation marks directly, so that their poetry disappears or is discounted. Putting comma or stop at the sentence end of Tang poetry or modern imitation of Tang poetry is undoubtedly painting a snake with feet -- superfluous. Words used in Tang poetry are traditional words, while simplified ones are often used in modern poetry. In Tang poems, level and oblique words follow ancient level and oblique. Some of poets of later generations, their level and oblique words follow ancient rhyme, one hundred and six Pingshui rhymes. And some of them follow Chinese new rhyme (eighteen rhymes). Following the ancient rhyme, the poets who imitate Tang poems hate the poets who write the new rhyme of Tang poems. When they want to be put to death and then quickly, they often criticize them. Little wonder, when you write metrical poems like putting new wine into old bottles (or like putting old wine into new bottles), you also use punctuation marks and simplified words. Also use Mandarin Chinese to chant Tand poems and Song lyrics. I don't believe that you can read Tang poems in Tang Dynasty dialect?! Your funny behavior, wrong writing and reading are not as good as the poets who write new rhymes and imitate Tang poems. That’s those who retreat fifty paces laugh at those who retreat a hundred paces. 4. The end word of the first sentence In Tang Dynasty's rhythmic poetry, the end word of the first sentence can be level and oblique word. For two pairs of couplets, the end word of the first sentence can only be oblique not level. If a couplet, the end words of the upper and lower couplets are all level words and rhymed, it’s surely a poor one. It can not be put up on the door frames to attract jokes. In a single pair of couplets, the end word in the upper couplet is a oblique word, and the end word in the lower couplet is a level word. The level word is rhyme. When two pairs of couplets are combined into a poem, they must rhyme in the same rhyme or in the near rhyme. When they are combined into a poem, we can clearly see the rhyme words and feel the charm of the rhyme. 5. Adhesion Adhesion is the soul of rhythmic poetry. Similarly, two pairs of couplets are also rhythmic poems, also pay attention to adhesion. Without adhesion, they are no longer poetry, but simple stacking of two or four pairs of couplets with no rhyme at the same time. Writing two pairs of couplets such as four, six, eight or ten words, paying attention to adhesion, it's bound to be out-of-order in level and oblique words The rule of couplet stipulates that the five or seven words of rhythmic poetry of two pairs of couplets, the level and oblique words must be replaced successively in accordance with the rule of poetry sequential succession. Remaining four, six, eight and nine words and so on rhythmic poetry allow them are out-of-order in level and oblique words, allow alone level word. 6. Successive succession of level and oblique words In the rule of poetry, there are rules as “level, level, oblique, oblique, level, level and oblique”. In the rule of couplet, there are rules as “level, level, oblique, oblique, level, level and oblique”, too. Words of every sentence of couplet has exceeded five or seven words or even more than one hundred words. It is difficult to be successive succession of level and oblique words/ If it’s not successive succession of level and oblique words, ao word of the upper couplet, and the word in the same position of the lower couplet must save it back. Two pairs of couplets written by Luo Zhihai, their used words from three to twenty-one. And they are all quatrains. There is only Curious Fate Of Thousands Of Ancient Times (thirty-six words of quatrain of two pairs of couplets written by Qian Yongde, Saiwaixueying and Luo Zhihai), which is a super-long quatrain. https://www.poemhunter.com/poem/curious-fate-of-thousands-of-ancient-times/ Luo Zhihai also translated eight verses of couplets written by friends in poetry. 7. Theme The theme of each rhythmic poem is very clear. There are also poems with less specific themes, titled Untitled. On the door frames of every household the couplets posted. Most of them are the nature of festivity and joy. Often pairs of couplets share a banner. A banner is the theme of couplet. Share a banner, that is, the theme is not so obvious. Or there is no theme. Couplet poem is a poem adjoined with two or four pairs of couplets. Affected by this, the theme of couplet poem is sometimes not so clear. It is easy to understand, very characteristic and full of poetry. It is easy to recite. 8. Couplet poetry and two pairs of couplets A word difference between couplet poetry and two pairs of couplets is easy to be confused. In Tang metrical poems, there are some eight verses, their first and second sentences and seventh and eighth sentences are also in antithesis. Some quatrains, their first and second sentences and third and fourth sentences are in antithesis in pares. These eight verses and quatrains are rare, and later people call them couplet poetry. Poets after Tang Dynasty also wrote couplet poetry. These poems are not self-contained, so they can not be called two pairs of couplets. Two pairs of couplets contain couplet poetry, but they are self-contained. Five words and seven words of eight verses and quatrains in two pairs of couplets are couplet poetry. They have the same writing method as couplet poetry in Tang Dynasty. They are also one of the metrical poetry of the ancient rhymes and the new rhymes. Among two pairs of couplets, three, four, six, eight, nine to twenty-one words have gone beyond the category of five and seven words in Tang poetry. Therefore, two pairs of couplets are a kind of metric new poetry. 6/30/2018, 4: 00—7/4/2018, 18: 00 Luo Zhihai wrote 8/6/2019, 10: 00—9/2/2019, 21: 00 Luo Zhihai translated






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